Agriculture, rural areas and farmer’s issues remain China’s top priorities for the 16th consecutive year as its “No. 1 central document” prioritizes development of agriculture and rural areas. The document, the first policy statement released by central authorities each year and seen as an indicator of policy priorities, was made public Tuesday by the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the State Council…Full Article: Feb 2019

Key Point

  • In February 2019, China published its “No. 1 Central Document”. The document advocated continuing “supply side reform” and “green” farming policies. The document advised increasing domestic soybean output, improving the dairy industry, and promoting technology in rural areas. In addition, the minimum grain cultivation area should remain at 110 million ha while total arable land should not fall below 120 million ha. Lastly, by 2020, China should have 53 million ha of “high-standard” farmland.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In February 2018, China published its “No. 1 Central Document”. The document touted “rural revitalization” and set policy goals to be reached by 2020 (no one living before the current poverty line and increased agricultural productivity), 2035 (across the board modernized agriculture sector), and 2050 (utopian rural sector).
  • In February 2017, CCCPC and the State Council published its “No. 1 Central Document”. It was the 14th year in a row that document focused on the country’s agriculture sector and continued 2016’s “supply-side reform” theme. Maintaining the national grain security and promoting “green” farming practices were key goals.
  • In January 2016, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCCPC) and the State Council released its “No. 1 Central Document”. For the 13th year in a row, improving the country’s agriculture sector was a key goal of the document. The document touted “supply side reform” and announced plans to develop 53 million ha of “high quality” farmland, as well as train farmers, improve mechanization, and intact better water resource management policies. Additionally, China hoped to secure urban residential status for 100 million rural workers.
  • In January 2015, China released its “No. 1 Central Document”. The document’s key agricultural goals included modernizing the sector thru increased efficiency and product safety, decreasing pollution, boosting farmers’ income, supporting the construction of a new socialist countryside, deepening rural reforms, and improving the rural/agricultural legal system.
  • In January 2014, China published its “No. 1 Central Document”. The document advised reforming the nation’s grain pricing structure which, at the time, was subsidized by minimum purchase price.

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