China on Wednesday [21 November 2018] issued new rules to tighten notification of cases of African swine fever, including incentives for whistle-blowers, amid concerns that outbreaks of the highly contagious disease are being under reported. The notice comes as the world’s top pork producer struggles to contain the disease with more than 60 outbreaks in 18 provinces since early August, leading to the culling of hundreds of thousands of pigs…Full Article: South China Morning Post Nov 2018

Key Points

  • On 21 November 2018, China instituted new rules and more stringent regulations regarding the movement of pigs. The new rules require farmers to report cases of African swine fever and incentivizes individuals to report outbreaks. On the same day, ASFV was reported in Huaihua, Hunan Province. A total of 73 pigs were culled. This was the second case of ASFV in Huaihua, the first occurring on October 30th.
  • In October 2018, the chairman of Muyuan Foodstuff (SHE:002714), a Henan-based animal feed and pork producer, stated that the number of actual African swine fever cases in China are underreported. In addition, a senior analyst at Rabobank noted that it is accepted that the disease entered China “well before” the first reported case (see August 1st, 2018).

ChinaAg Comments

  • On 19 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. A total of 900 pigs were culled.
  • On 17 November 2018, ASFV was reported in the provinces of Jiangxi (150 pigs culled), Sichuan (110 culled), and Yunnan (348 culled), as well as in Jinshan District, Shanghai (314 culled).
  • On 16 November 2018, ASFV was reported in the provinces of Jilin, Sichuan, Yunnan. The detection in Sichuan, the first for the province, was reported in Yibin near Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, where another case was detected. The Baishan, Jilin Province, detection was found in a single wild boar, the first such case among China’s wild boar population.
  • On 15 November 2018, ASFV was reported (3rd case) in Huanggang, Hubei Province. A total of 636 pigs were culled.
  • On 12 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Wuxue County, Huanggang, Hubei Province. A total of 147 pigs were culled.
  • On 11 November 2018, Tangrenshen Group (SHE:002567) announced that African swine fever had been detected in animal feed samples procured by its subsidiary (51% owned) Shenzhen Bili Meiyingwei Nutrition Feed (aka Shenzhen Premix INVE Nutrition). In 2017, animal feed sales for Tangrenshen Group (SHE:002567) totaled CNY 12.6 billion (USD 1.81 billion). In 2016, Tangrenshen Group acquired Shenzhen Premix INVE Nutrition from INVE Belgium.
  • On 9 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Qingyang County, Chizhou, Anhui Province. A total of 8,339 pigs were culled.
  • On 8 November 2018, ASFV was reported in the provinces of Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Jilin. Putian, Fujian Province, saw the most pigs culled at 4,521. It was also the first reported cases of African swine fever in Fujian and its neighobor Jiangxi.
  • On 7 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Huanggang, Hubei Province. A total of 821 pigs were culled.
  • On 5 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan Province. A total of 119 pigs were culled.
  • On 4 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Fengdu, Chongqing Municipality (309 pigs culled).
  • On 3 November 2018, ASFV was reported in Taiyuan, Shanxi Province. A total of 47 pigs were culled.
  • On 30 October 2018, ASFV was reported in the Huaihua (Hunan Province), Taiyuan (Shanxi Province), and Pu’er (Yunnan Province). Of the three, Shanxi culled the most pigs at 210.
  • On 27 October 2018, ASFV was reported in Changde (99 deaths), Henan Province. This was Changde’s second reported detection (October 22nd).
  • On 25 October 2018, ASFV was reported in Bijie (8 deaths), Guizhou Province. Bijie borders the provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan (previous outbreak on October 20th). Bijie would report another case (25 deaths) of ASFV on October 26th.
  • On 22 October 2018, ASFV was reported in the cities of Yiyang (17 pig deaths) and Changde (31 deaths), Henan Province.
  • On 21 October 2018, ASFV was reported in Taizhou, Zhejiang Province. A total of 56 pigs were infected, with 56 deaths.
  • On 20 October 2018, two cases of ASFV were reported in Zhenxiong County, Zhaotong, Yunnan Province. In the first case, total of 298 pigs died while in the second case 247 died.
  • On 17 October 2018, ASFV was reported in Datong, Shanxi Province. A total of 7 pigs were infected, with 4 deaths.
  • On 16 October 2018, Beijing Da Bei Nong (DBN) Technology (SHE:002385) announced it had culled 20,000 pigs due to African swine fever. In 2017, according to China Swine Industry Association, Beijing Da Bei Nong (DBN) Technology (SHE:002385) was China’s 15th largest pork producer (~640,000 pigs). Also on this day, ASFV was reported in Panjin (43 deaths), Liaoning Province. Panjin borders the previous ASFV sites of Anshan, Jinzhou, and Yingkou.
  • From October 14 to 15, Liaoning Province reported seven outbreaks of ASFV, with three cases in both Jinzhou and Tieling. Beijing Da Bei Nong (DBN) Technology (SHE:002385) has a 40% stake in two pig farms in northeastern Liaoning. One of its farms in Beizhen, Jinzhou, northeastern Liaoning, reported an ASFV outbreak.
  • On 12 October 2018, ASFV was reported in Jizhou District (292 infected pigs, 189 deaths), Tianjin, as well as in Anshan (88 infected, 72 deaths), Liaoning Province. Anshan reported an earlier outbreak (160 deaths) on October 8th.
  • From September 28 to October 11, Liaoning Province reported four outbreaks of African swine fever spread across the cities of Yingkou (2 separate outbreaks), Anshan, and Dalian.
  • On 28 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Changling County, Songyuan, Jilin Province. A total of 8 pigs were infected, with 3 deaths.
  • On 22 September 2018, ASFV was reported in an abattoir in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Region. A total of 4 were infected, with 2 deaths. The infected pigs were believed to have originated from neighboring Liaoning Province where traders in Tieling were able to illegally secure quarantine certificates for CNY 8,000 (USD 1,590). To date, China has banned the export of pigs from 16 provinces/regions.
  • On 17 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Hinggan League (23 infected, 22 deaths), Inner Mongolia Region, and in Gongzhuling (56 infected, 56 deaths), Jilin Province.
  • On 15 September 2018, ASFV was reported for a second time in Xilingol League, Inner Mongolia Region. A total of 22 were infected, with 8 deaths.
  • On 12 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Xinxiang (148 infected, 64 deaths), Henan Province, as well as in Xilingol League (16 infected, 16 deaths), Inner Mongolia Region.
  • On 10 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Yi’an District, Tongling, Anhui Province. A total of 63 were infected, with 23 deaths. Tongling is adjacent to the previous outbreak sites of Wuhu (August 29th, September 6th) and Xuancheng (September 2nd, 3rd, and 6th).
  • On 6 September 2018, ASFV was reported in the cities of Chuzhou, Xuancheng, and Wuhu, Anhui Province, as well as in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province. Of the four detections, Chuzhou was the largest with 62 infected and 22 deaths.
  • On 5 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province. A total of 39 pigs were infected, with 12 deaths. Over the past few days, pork prices in Zhejiang Province reportedly increased from CNY 14 to CNY 16 (USD 2.34) due to the outbreak.
  • On 3 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. A total of 12 pigs were infected, with 9 deaths.
  • On 2 September 2018, ASFV was reported in Xuancheng, Anhui Province. Xuancheng lies along the southern border of Wuhu. A total of 152 pigs were infected, with 83 deaths. An additional 134 pigs died on two other farms in Xuancheng.
  • As of 1 September 2018, China has culled more than 38,000 pigs nationwide due to African swine fever.
  • On 29 August 2018, ASFV was reported in Nanling County, Wuhu, Anhui Province. A total of 185 pigs were infected, with 80 deaths.
  • As of 22 August 2018, China had culled 20,000 pigs, of which roughly 15,000 were in Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province. Five days later, the number culled across China topped 25,000 pigs.
  • On 17 August 2018, ASFV was reported in Yueqing, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province. A total of 430 pigs were infected, with 340 deaths.
  • On 15 August 2018, ASFV was reported in Haizhou District, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province. A total of 615 pigs were infected, with 88 deaths.
  • On 14 August 2018, ASFV was reported in a Zhengzhou (Henan Province) slaughterhouse owned by WH Group (HKG:0288), one of China’s leading pork processors and parent company of Smithfield Foods (U.S. pork producer and processor). Roughly 30 pigs out of a group of 260 died from the disease at the slaughterhouse. The infected pigs were initially procured from Tangyuan County, Jiamusi city, Heilongjiang Province.
  • On 1 August 2018, African swine fever virus (ASFV) was reported for the first time in China on a pig farm in Shenbei New District, northern Shenyang, Liaoning Province. In total, 47 pigs died of the disease while and additional 8,116 pigs were culled in Shenyang.
  • African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly contagious disease of pigs that has a near 100% mortality rate. The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1921 and was introduced to the Caucasus region when it spread to Georgia in mid-2007. Since this introduction, ASFV has spread to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Russia. From 2007 to 2017, Russia reported more than 1,000 ASFV outbreaks that resulted in approximately 800,000 pigs being killed. From March to October 2017, there were outbreaks of ASFV in Siberia, causing concern that the disease could spread to China. In August 2018, the FAO noted that ASFV strain detected in China was “similar” to the strain detected in Russia in 2017.

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