China will import rice from 14 Indian companies while the country’s trade dispute with the US drags on, Indian news website the Business Standard reported on Wednesday [25 July 2018]. China has agreed to purchase rice from 14 of the 19 registered Indian rice exporters, while the other five have been asked to improve their storage and isolation facilities so they can apply again, according to the report…Full Article: The Global Times July 2018

Key Point

  • In June 2018, the Indian Prime Minister and Chinese President signed an agreement on non-basmati rice exports during the 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit in Qingdao, Shandong Province. As a result, a Chinese delegation traveled to India to carry out quality control inspections of the country’s non-basmati rice mills. The phytosanitary delegation wanted to ensure that Indian rice exports would be free of insect pests including the large grain borer (Prostephanus truncates) and the khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium).

ChinaAg Comments

  • Hybrid rice, or rice that has been crossbred to combine the superior traits from separate parents, was pioneered by China in the 1970s. Hybrid rice helped to sustain the country’s explosive population growth during that decade (833 million in 1970 to 1 billion in 1980).
  • In September 2017, 12 hybrid rice scientists from China traveled to Pakistan to train ~30 agricultural scientists. China’s Ministry of Commerce was the primary sponsor of the hybrid rice training project. Participating organizations included Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), Agriculture Innovation Programme, and Long Ping High-Tech Agriculture.
  • In March 2017, the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI) advocated increased Chinese cooperation in developing new (climate-resilient) seed varieties, creating more joint ventures, as well as promoting mechanization and modern post-harvest practices.
  • In March 2016, representatives from the Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) visited Beijing, Shenzhen and Guangzhou. According to the Senior Vice-Chairman of REAP, the Pakistani rice delegation met with representatives from COFCO Group, Shenzhen Cereal Association, Guangzhou Grain Association, Chamber of Commerce, and Foshan Grain Reserve Corporation.
  • In September 2014, India urged China to open its market to Indian exports of non-Basmati rice. Indian trade sources stated that they believe the import ban on non-basmati rice is politically motivated as China imports non-basmati rice from Pakistan. At the same time, Russia, who has “stringent” phytosanitary requirements for rice, imports Indian rice without any major issues.
  • In 2012 and 2013, China purchased more than 1.6 million MTs per year from Vietnam and roughly 500,000 MTs per year from Pakistan. The vast majority of these imports (80% by volume) were funneled in via the southern Chinese ports of Shenzhen, Huangpu, and Hong Kong.
  • During the 2011 to 2012 fiscal year, China imported approximately 372,500 metric tons of rice from Pakistan. The imports primarily consisted of non-Basmati rice.
  • In 2011, China began importing PK-386 Long Grain (non-Basmati variety) from Punjab Province, Pakistan.

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