Zhu Yuntao is considering raising the price of the mutton slices at his hotpot restaurant in northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. “The price of mutton, a main ingredient in hotpot, has risen sharply,” Zhu said. “If I don’t raise the price, my profits will inevitably fall.”…Full Article: Xinhua Jan 2018

Key Points

  • As of late 2017, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, the average wholesale price of mutton was CNY 52 (USD 8) per kg, a roughly CNY 6 per kg year-on-year increase. According to a migrant worker in Inner Mongolia, the price of a sheep was more than CNY 1,500 (~USD 213)
  • From October to December 2017, the price of mutton in Ningxia Region increased from CNY 44 per kg to CNY 52 per kg (~USD 6.25 per kg to ~USD 7.39 per kg).
  • From early 2017 to late 2017, the price of mutton in Xinjiang Region rose from CNY 49 per kg to CNY 54 per kg (~USD 6.97 per kg to ~USD 7.68 per kg).
  • From 2014 to 2017, according to the deputy director of Bayannur City agricultural and animal husbandry bureau, the number of ewes (mature female sheep) in Bayannur declined by nearly 15%.
  • Since 2013, according to a representative of the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Sciences, sheep herders have been suffering from outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as well as drought conditions.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In 2017, Inner Mongolia Region produced 1.04 million MTs of mutton. The next largest producers were Xinjiang Region and Shandong Province at 582,400 MTs and 398,500 MTs, respectively.
  • From January 2013 to December 2017, Chinese mutton (leg) prices slightly increased from CNY 63 per kg to CNY 65 per kg. Mutton prices hit a peak of CNY 68 per kg in February 2014 and a low of CNY 58 per kg in November 2016 (as well as March to May 2017). The prices were the average price taken from 50 cities.
  • From December 2013 to January 2016, China reported more than 39,000 cases of PPR across 22 provinces and regions. The disease may have been spread by ibex goats, argali sheep, or wild yaks that often share watering holes with domestic livestock.
  • In February 2014, China’s Ministry of Agriculture confirmed an outbreak of PPR in Bayannur City, Inner Mongolia Region. At the time, a total of 5,090 goats would killed in order to prevent the virus from spreading.
  • In December 2013, China confirmed an outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Hami Prefecture, eastern Xinjiang Region. This was first case in China since the 2007 detection in Tibet.
  • In 2011, China’s northern Inner Mongolia region had 35.6 million sheep (26% of China’s total supply) and produced 872,300 MTs of mutton (22% of China’s output). The region also produced the most fine wool, semi-wool, goat wool and cashmere. Xinjian region was second with 25.2 million sheep and 464,359 MTs of mutton produced.
  • In 2007, peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a highly infectious virus that originated from Africa, was first reported in China in Ngari Prefecture, Tibet.

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