Chinese Vice Premier Wang Yang Monday stressed the importance of forest protection in state-owned forest farms, as the country steers to a green development path. “Forest resource supervision should be improved, and forest farms should transform their development pattern,” Wang said at a meeting in Beijing…Full Article: Xinhua Dec 2017

China’s largest forest zone earned 400,000 yuan (60,000 U.S. dollars) from its first sale of carbon offset credits Monday [18 December 2017]. The Chuo’er forestry bureau of the Greater Hinggan Mountain forest in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region said it sold 40,000 tonnes of the forest zone’s total 1.39 million tonnes of offset credits to an investment management firm in Zhejiang Province…Full Article: Xinhua Dec 2017

Key Points

  • China has more than 4,800 state-owned forest farms. These farms account for ~16.6% of the country’s forestry area and ~25% of its forest growing stock.
  • Inner Mongolia’s Greater Khingan Mountain forest area encompasses 106,700 sq. meters (77.44% forest coverage). Commercial logging in this forested area has been banned.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In February 2017, Inner Mongolia’s Greater Khingan Mountain “key” State-owned Forestry Management Bureau was established. It was reportedly the first such special agency launched in China.
  • In March 2015, China announced it would halt commercial logging of natural forests in key areas by 2020. As of March 2015, China had 4,855 state forest farms non-cultivated land. In addition, China had approximately 87 “key forest zones” that produce logs.
  • In April 2014, Heilongjiang Province announced it would ban commercial logging of its natural forests. Heilongjiang Province has 18.5 million hectares of (state-owned) forests.
  • In 2009, Yichun, Heilongjiang Province, reportedly had ~100,000 ha of red pine forests.
  • In 2006, China’s State Council launched pilot forest tenure reforms in five SOFEs in Heilongjiang Province, including Yichun municipality.
  • In September 2004, the government of Yichun, Heilongjiang Province, banned red pine logging.
  • From 1948 to 2004, according to the city government of Yichun, Heilongjiang Province, red pine coverage declined from 1.1 million hectares (ha) to ~40,000 ha.
  • In 2003, Fujian Province launched land tenure reforms on its collective forests in order to encourage farmer household management. In the following years, other provinces, including Jiangxi and Liaoning, instituted similar land tenure reforms.
  • In 1998, China launched its Natural Forest Protection Program (NFPP) in response severe flooding brought on by over logging. A year later, China launched its Conversion of Cropland to Forests and Grasslands Program (CCFGP).
  • China’s state-owned forest enterprises (SOFEs) are local government agencies that carry out harvesting and reforestation of state-owned forests. Although local, these enterprises follow guidelines (e.g. logging quotas) set forth by the national government. Since the late 1970s, SOFEs have been suffering from economic losses and environmental degradation due to over logging.

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