China’s cotton output ended a four-year declining streak, increasing 2.7 percent in 2017, as yield per hectare saw strong growth, official data showed Monday [18 December 2017]. Cotton output increased 142,000 tons to around 5.49 million tons, according to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)…Full Article: China Daily Dec 2017

Key Points

  • In 2017, Xinjiang Region accounted for 74.4% of China’s total cotton output.
  • From 2016 to 2017, the area of cotton farmland declined by -4.3% to 3.23 million hectares, but cotton yields (per hectare) increased by 7.3%.

ChinaAg Comments

  • From 2015 to 2016, China’s cotton output declined -4.6% to 5.34 million MTs. Xinjiang Region’s cotton output as a percentage of China’s total output increased from 62.5% to 67.3% (~3.6 million MTs in 2016). During the same time period, China’s cotton cultivation area fell 11.1%, or by 420,500 hectares, to 3.37 million ha.
  • From 2014 to 2015, Xinjiang’s share of China’s total cotton production increased from 59.5% to 62.5% (~3.5 million MTs).
  • In 2014, Xinjiang Region accounted for 60% or 3.6 million MTs of China’s total cotton output. GM cotton was planted on approximately 3.9 million hectares, or roughly 93% of China’s total cotton planting area. During the same year, Chinese cotton reserves reached 11 million MTs, equal to roughly half of global cotton trade volumes.
  • From 2012 to 2013, China’s cotton output declined from 6.8 million MTs to 6.2 million MTs. In 2013, Xinjiang accounted 56% or 3.5 million MTs of Chinese cotton production. The next largest producer was Shandong which accounted for 10% (620,961 MTs of output).

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