Rice crop, as one of the staple foods in Nepal, spanned 1.553 million hectares of land in the Himalayan country although production was limited to only 5.23 million metric tons in fiscal year 2016-2017. Nearly 70 percent of the Nepali population work in the agriculture sector which significantly contributes to national gross domestic product…Full Article: Xinhua Oct 2017

Key Points

  • In 2017, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu Valley, near Katmandu, was selected to plant two varieties (i.e. LPNBR 1628 and LPNBR 1632) of Chinese hybrid rice on 10 ropani [~0.5 hectare] of land.
  • In February 2016, China and Nepal signed an agricultural cooperation agreement that was slated to last three years. The agreement focused on developing Nepal’s rice and maize production. China’s Yuan Longping High-Tech Agriculture was tasked to work with Nepal’s National Agricultural Research Council (NARC).

ChinaAg Comments

  • Hybrid rice, or rice that has been crossbred to combine the superior traits from separate parents, was pioneered by China in the 1970s. Hybrid rice helped to sustain the country’s explosive population growth during that decade (833 million in 1970 to 1 billion in 1980).
  • In September 2017, a Chinese agricultural delegation, including a dozen hybrid rice scientists visited Pakistan to train farmers. China’s Ministry of Commerce was the primary sponsor of the hybrid rice training project. Participating organizations included Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), Agriculture Innovation Programme, and Long Ping High-Tech Agriculture.
  • During the 2014 to 2015 fiscal year, China overtook India as Nepal’s top fertilizer supplier.
  • In September 2014, India urged China to open its market to Indian exports of non-Basmati rice. Indian trade sources stated that they believe the import ban on non-basmati rice is politically motivated as China imports non-basmati rice from Pakistan. At the same time, Russia, who has “stringent” phytosanitary requirements for rice, imports Indian rice without any major issues.
  • Established in 1999 and headquartered in Changsha, Hunan Province, Yuan Longping High-Tech Agriculture (SHE:000998) produces and distributes specialized crop seeds. These include hybrid rice seeds, hybrid pepper, hybrid rapeseed, hybrid corn, hybrid cotton, musk melon and vegetables. The company manages various subsidiaries including Hunan Longping High-tech Nongping Seeds, Hunan Xiangyan Seeds, Hunan Longping High-tech Cotton & Rape Seeds, Agrochemical Development Company, Hunan Nongwei Science and Technology, Hunan Kangyida Science and Technology, and Hunan Longke Agricultural Materials.

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