A commission of inspectors from the sanitary authority of the People’s Republic of China arrived in Colombia to evaluate the country’s Hass avocado production system, as part of the process so that this product can enter the Chinese market. The delegation, the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Colombian Agricultural Institute (ICA) agreed a working agenda up until October 21…Full Article: Fresh Plaza Oct 2017

Key Point

  • Chinese phytosanitary inspectors will visit Hass avocado farms in the departments of Risaralda, Caldas, and Quindío, western central Colombia.

ChinaAg Comments

  • From 2015 to 2016, Chinese (incl. Hong Kong and Macau) imports of avocadoes increased from 23,789 MTs to 42,054 MTs. In 2016, Mainland China’s avocado imports totaled 25,128 MTs, while Hong Kong’s imports totaled 16,749 MTs. More than 96% (by volume) of mainland China’s imports entered via the ports of Shanghai and Shenzhen. In general, the top three suppliers for both the mainland and Hong Kong were Chile, Mexico, and Peru.
  • In 2016, Colombia exported approximately 18,200 MTs of avocado. The top export destinations were the Netherlands (~7,300 MTs), the UK (~4,500 MTs), Spain (~4,200 MTs) and France (1,480 MTs).
  • From 2009 to 2016, according to Mexico’s Ministry of Economy, Chinese imports of Mexican avocados increased from 16.7 MTs to 10,294 MTs. The bulk of these avocadoes were shipped via sea freight to the port cities of Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Hong Kong. According to the Operation Manager of Mexico’s Avo Hass, Chinese importers prefer avocados that are small in size and yellowish green in color, as well as having no outward imperfections and at least a 15 day retail shelf-life. On average, Mexican avocado exports take 26 days to reach Shanghai/Shenzhen, while Colombian exports (pending approval) to China take ~32 days.
  • In July 2016, Peru exported its first shipment (20 MTs) of avocadoes to Shenzhen.
  • In May 2016, China and Peru signed a phytosanitary agreement that permitted Peruvian avocado exports to China.
  • In July 2014, Chilean avocados were granted permission to be exported to mainland China. At the same time, Peru was seeking approval to export avocados (Hass variety) to China.
  • In November 2013, Mexican Mission Produce avocados were distributed (via Shanghai’s Lantao International) to the cities of Zhengzhou, Shenyang, and Harbin for the first time ever.
  • As of 2013, the majority of China’s avocado imports enter via Hong Kong, with mainland China appearing as a market of significance only in 2013. In 2013, Hong Kong imported 2,597 MTs worth of avocadoes (primarily from Peru, USA, Chile, and Mexico), while mainland China imported 1,498 MTs worth of avocadoes (nearly all from Mexico). South Africa is generally a major avocado supplier to Hong Kong, but exports declined in 2013.

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