A group of Chinese agriculture experts, comprising 12 hybrid rice scientists, arrived here Tuesday [12 September 2017] to train local scientist and farmers on hybrid rice cultivation technologies to improve per acre crop productivity. The Chinese scientists are scheduled to train 30 Pakistani agriculture scientists, selected from all the four provinces…Full Article: The News International Sept 2017

Key Point

  • China’s Ministry of Commerce was the primary sponsor of the hybrid rice training project. Participating organizations included Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), Agriculture Innovation Programme, and Long Ping High-Tech Agriculture.

ChinaAg Comments

  • Hybrid rice, or rice that has been crossbred to combine the superior traits from separate parents, was pioneered by China in the 1970s. Hybrid rice helped to sustain the country’s explosive population growth during that decade (833 million in 1970 to 1 billion in 1980).
  • In March 2017, the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI) advocated increased Chinese cooperation in developing new (climate-resilient) seed varieties, creating more joint ventures, as well as promoting mechanization and modern post-harvest practices.
  • In November 2016, Yuan Longping’s experimental rice program in Xingning, Guangdong Province, reportedly hit a new yield record of 1.53 MTs per mu due in part to double cropping. In July 2016, a rice crop of 832.1 kg per mu [~12.5 MTs per ha] was recorded. The second rice crop that followed netted 705.68 kg per mu [~10.6 MTs per ha].
  • In September 2016, Yuan Longping stated that the 2018 hybrid rice yield target would likely be achieved in late 2016 after several demo plots showed the potential for 16 MTs per hectare.
  • In July 2016, Yuan Longping announced a new hybrid rice variety (Chaoyou 1000) was about to set a new yield record of 1,500 kg per mu (~22.5 MTs per ha). The new hybrid rice variety was grown and managed by the Zhuhai Modern Agriculture Center, Guandong Province.
  • In March 2016, representatives from the Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) visited Beijing, Shenzhen and Guangzhou. According to the Senior Vice-Chairman of REAP, the Pakistani rice delegation met with representatives from COFCO Group, Shenzhen Cereal Association, Guangzhou Grain Association, Chamber of Commerce, and Foshan Grain Reserve Corporation.
  • In October 2015, Yuan Longping was removed as Director of Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center
  • In September 2015, Yuan Longping visited Cambodia to promote his super hybrid rice.
  • In 2014, Yuan Longping and his team announced they had created a super hybrid with a yield of 15 MTs per ha on an experimental plot in Hunan Province. During the same year, China (including Hong and Macao) imported 411,475 MTs of Pakistani rice.
  • In September 2014, India urged China to open its market to Indian exports of non-Basmati rice. Indian trade sources stated that they believe the import ban on non-basmati rice is politically motivated as China imports non-basmati rice from Pakistan. At the same time, Russia, who has “stringent” phytosanitary requirements for rice, imports Indian rice without any major issues.
  • In 2012 and 2013, China purchased more than 1.6 million MTs per year from Vietnam and roughly 500,000 MTs per year from Pakistan. The vast majority of these imports (80% by volume) were funneled in via the southern Chinese ports of Shenzhen, Huangpu, and Hong Kong.
  • During the 2011 to 2012 fiscal year, China imported approximately 372,500 metric tons of rice from Pakistan. The imports primarily consisted of non-Basmati rice.
  • In 2011, China began importing PK-386 Long Grain (non-Basmati variety) from Punjab Province, Pakistan.
  • In 2010, China imported only 7,072 MTs of Pakistani rice.
  • Established in 1999 and headquartered in Changsha, Hunan province, Long Ping High-Tech Agriculture produces and distributes specialized crop seeds. These include hybrid rice seeds, hybrid pepper, hybrid rape, hybrid corn, hybrid cotton, musk melon and vegetables. The company manages various subsidiaries including Hunan Longping High-tech Nongping Seeds, Hunan Xiangyan Seeds, Hunan Longping High-tech Cotton & Rape Seeds, Agrochemical Development Company, Hunan Nongwei Science and Technology, Hunan Kangyida Science and Technology, and Hunan Longke Agricultural Materials.

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