As spring plowing comes to an end in China, Wei Shilian is expecting a good harvest. A resident of Xingan County, a big rice production area in east China’s Jiangxi Province, Wei planted more than 140 hectares of paddy rice this year, 90 percent of which is high-quality rice. Jiangxi is one of China’s 13 major grain production bases. “Market demand is changing, and it’s hard to make money by growing regular rice these days,” Wei said…Full Article: The Global Times May 2017

Key Point

  • In February 2017, Chinese government announced the cultivation of high-quality (i.e. better coloration, texture, and aroma) paddy rice will be priority. As a result, a number of provinces stated they would produce high-quality rice including Hunan (666,667 hectares of high-quality rice) and Sichuan (1 million ha), as well as Chongqing Municipality (300,000 ha). A rice farmer in Jiangxi Province noted he sells high-quality rice for CNY 3 (USD 0.44) per kg. One such high-quality rice breed is called “926”.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In April 2017, Japan’s Zen-Noh, aka the National Federation of Agricultural Co-operative Associations, announced plans to cut out middlemen and sell rice directly to the market in China. Zen-Noh, the sole exporter of Japanese rice to China, plans to establish a joint-venture in a (unspecified) Chinese city to sell milled rice and onigiri rice balls directly to consumers.
  • In November 2016, Yuan Longping’s experimental rice program in Xingning, Guangdong Province, reportedly hit a new yield record of 1.53 MTs per mu due in part to double cropping. In July 2016, a rice crop of 832.1 kg per mu [~12.5 MTs per ha] was recorded. The second rice crop that followed netted 705.68 kg per mu [~10.6 MTs per ha].
  • In September 2016, Yuan Longping stated that the 2018 hybrid rice yield target would likely be achieved in late 2016 after several demo plots showed the potential for 16 MTs per hectare.
  • In July 2016, Yuan Longping announced a new hybrid rice variety (Chaoyou 1000) was about to set a new yield record of 1,500 kg per mu (~22.5 MTs per ha). The new hybrid rice variety was grown and managed by the Zhuhai Modern Agriculture Center, Guandong Province.
  • In October 2015, the Sino-Singapore Jilin Food Zone Development and Management Company (JVMC) announced that Sino-Singapore Jilin Food Zone (SSJFZ) japonica rice will be exported to Singaporean supermarkets/hypermarkets by the end of 2015. SSJFZ-branded japonica rice is produced from a high-yield and high-quality variety that is cultivated in temperate climate zones. During the same month, Yuan Longping was removed as Director of Hunan Hybrid Rice Research Center.
  • In 2015, China National Hybrid Rice R&D Centre (Hunan Province), the Guangdong Provincial Agriculture Department, South China Agricultural University (Guangzhou city), and the Xingning City Agricultural Bureau (Guangdong Province) launched a project to grow 1,500 kg of rice per mu.
  • In 2013, rice procurement prices for indica and japonica reached approximately US$435 per MT and US$485 per MT. The price increases affected the regions/provinces of Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan and Sichuan, and Guangxi.
  • In 2009, rice procurement prices were raised by 16.9%, the largest increase (at the time) since the price scheme began.
  • In 2008, procurement prices for indica and japonica rice (China’s top rice varieties) totaled US$221 to US$235 per MT, respectively.
  • In October 1996, China’s State Council published a white paper setting a policy of 95% grain self-sufficiency for the country.

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