The domestic rapeseed farming and processing industries have been pushed to the edge by imports, according to media reports, and experts said farmers’ welfare, especially their pensions, must be enhanced to improve productivity. According to a report published by the derivatives research center under Orient Futures on April 19, the domestic planting area of rapeseeds has dwindled and cut output. The report said that domestic output is expected to fall below 4 million tons in China this year, down from 4.6 million tons last year…Full Article: Apr 2017

Key Points

  • Hubei Province currently only has 5 rapeseed processing companies. The province was once home to 400 such companies. From 2015 to 2016, the rapeseed cultivation area in Hubei Province decreased by approximately 40%.
  • According to an analyst from the Beijing Orient Agribusiness Consultant, the average import price of rapeseed is USD 450 per MT, which is roughly half that of domestic prices.
  • From 2015 to 2016, according to the Canola Council of Canada, China’s imports of Canadian rapeseed decreased from 3.9 million MTs to 3.5 million MTs.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In September 2016, China announced it would lower the extraneous plant material standard in canola/rapeseed imports from 2.5% to 1%. The lowering of extraneous plant material in shipments such as straw and other materials will increase the cost of business for Canadian exporters. As of April 2017, China had yet to enforce this new standard.
  • From January to August 2016, Chinese imports of Canadian canola/rapeseed meal totaled 415,000 MTs. China’s expanding aquaculture industry has helped spur demand for Canadian canola. During the same time, Chinese imports of DDGS from the USA totaled 1.96 million MTs.
  • In late June 2016, COFCO announced it would open a crop trading office in Winnipeg, central Canada. COFCO’s Winnipeg office will focus on canola (rapeseed), canola oil, canola meal, wheat, barley, and soybeans. In general, Canada harvests these crops from August to October.
  • From 2015 to 2016, canola cultivation in Jiangsu Province reportedly declined from 467,000 hectares to approximately 200,000 ha. In Hubei Province, canola cultivation declined roughly 8%.
  • In 2015, Canada exported $2 billion worth canola and $255 worth of beef to China. In general, Chinese canola/rapeseed import prices (all suppliers) totaled approximately CNY 3,400 (~US$536) per MT while domestically produced rapeseed was valued at CNY 3,500 (US$546). Major Chinese rapeseed importers include Fujian, Guangdong, and Guangxi Zhuang.
  • In mid-2015, China withdrew price subsidy support for its canola/rapeseed farmers just after the planting season.
  • In early August 2015, China’s State Administration of Grain (SAG) stated that its top nine provincial planting regions only bought 1.02 million MTs of rapeseed, a decline from the roughly 2 million MTs typically purchased by August.
  • From 2013 to 2014, mainland Chinese imports of Canadian canola/rapeseed increased from 2.7 million MTs to 4.5 million MTs.
  • In 2014, Chinese subsidized domestic prices of canola were above CNY 5,100 (~US$828) per MT, which is 40% higher than foreign imports (including shipping and taxes).
  • From 2008 to 2014, rapeseed cultivation in Anhui province declined from 670,000 ha to 551,000 ha, or roughly 1.4 million MTs to 1.27 million MTs.
  • In May 2013, a press article noted that Chinese canola importers were looking to increase imports owing to lower foreign prices vis-à-vis domestically subsidized canola.
  • In April 2013, Canada, the world’s largest canola producer, was granted increased access to crushing plants in China. As a result, Canada could export canola to 11 Chinese crushing facilities (capacity of 5.5 million metric tons). In general, rapeseed/canola meal is used as duck feed in China.
  • In 2013, China produced approximately 14.4 million MTs of rapeseed. Hubei was the top producer at 2.5 million MTs of roughly 17% of total output. Sichuan was the second largest producer at 2.24 million MTs.
  • China’s canola (rapeseed) production primarily takes places in the center of the country. In 2011, Hubei produced 2.2 million MTs of canola, while Sichuan produced 2.1 million MTs and Hunan produced 1.8 million MTs (total country output was 13.4 million MTs).

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