Kyrgyzstan, a small country in Central Asia, has suspended meat imports from China, in what a Chinese expert described as an apparent move to appeal to Russia and the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union (EEU)…Full Article: Feb 2017

Key Point

  • According to a Research Fellow within China’s Development Research Center (see State Council), Russia may be wary of largescale Chinese investment and trade projects in Kyrgyzstan.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In January 2017, China’s Henan Guiyou Industrial Group and Kyrgyzstan’s State Agency for Investment and Export Promotion (see Ministry of Economy) signed a MoU relating to the Iskra Asia agricultural cooperation zone construction project. China’s Henan Guiyou Industrial Group has financially backed a 4.6 sq. km agro-industrial cooperation zone in Iskra, Chuy District, east of Bishkek. The project includes the construction of a poultry farm and is expected to be completed by 2020.
  • In October 2016, Kyrgyzstan’s Vice Prime Minister expressed hope to export milk, meat, and fish to China.  The Vice Minister also noted a need to launch direct flights between Bishkek-Beijing and Osh-Kashgar.
  • In June 2016, Kyrgyzstan’s Deputy Agricultural Minister stated that his country exports vegetables, leather, and wool to China, and imports chicken meat, pork, and eggs. Kyrgyzstan also hoped to export potatoes, cherries, peaches, and dried fruits to China in the future. At the same time, China’s Xinjiang Region was reportedly helping to construct greenhouses in Kyrgyzstan.
  • In May 2016, a representative of the Bishkek Business Club complained of Chinese and Uzbek vegetables being smuggled and sold into Kyrgyzstan. Local Kyrgyz prices for cucumber swung from KGS 90 (~US$1.30) per kg to KGS 250 (~US$3.66) per kg. Meanwhile prices in China and Uzbekistan were consistently more stable and lower priced.
  • In 2015, two Chinese seed experts from the Xinjiang Agricultural Vocational Technical College in Changji Hui autonomous prefecture (northeastern Xinjiang) were dispatched to Kyrgyzstan promote the college’s corn seeds.
  • In 2011, Henan Guiyou Industrial Group bought an animal husbandry (livestock) company in Kyrgyzstan.
  • In 2003, China sent experts from its Institute of Cotton Research of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) to Kara-Suu, Osh Region, to help develop Kyrgyzstan’s cotton industry. CAAS experts reportedly offered local Kyrgyz farmers free seeds and advice on suitable fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Sino-Kyrgyz border crossings include Erkeshtam, aka Irkeshtam, (Xinjiang Region and Osh Region), and Torugart Pass (Xinjiang Region and Naryn Region). There is also Bedel Pass, which like Torugart Pass, is situated in the Tian Shan mountain range.

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