Born in Alaska and raised in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, thousands tons of salmons have reached the domestic market this year. The salmons in Xinjiang first became famous at the fifth China-Eurasian Expo, which was held from Sept 20 to 25 in Urumqi. The expo attracted representatives from 57 countries and six international organizations…Full Article: Dec 2016

Key Point

  • Xinjiang Tianyun bred Alaskan salmon eggs in the Kashi River basin located in Ili [aka Yining City] near the Tian Shan mountain range. As of 20 December 2016, approximately 40 MTs of salmon from Xinjiang Tianyun has been shipped to Shanghai via airfreight (China Southern Airlines). Shanghai is the dominant Chinese market for salmon, followed by Beijing.

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  • In May 2016, Chinese scientists looking into open-net salmon farming within a cold mass of the Yellow Sea. A research team from Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, has purchased 120,000 salmon eggs from the USA to conduct their experiment. By October 2016, the research team will place the salmon fry and parr (i.e. baby salmon and juvenile salmon) in a 13 sq. km cold water mass within the Yellow Sea. By 2018, the salmon (~4 kgs each) will be fished and sold. Partnering with Qingdao’s Ocean University of China is Wanzefeng Fishery. This company will construct a two-hectare facility for salmon egg fertilization, cold storage facilities, as well as renovate a ship to assist in transporting the salmon.
  • In April 2016, Jilin Province released more than 800,000 salmon fry (e.g. Chum salmon or dog salmon) and 500 other fish fry species into the Tumen River. Over the past five years, Jilin Province has released 2.3 million salmon fry, 3.4 million juvenile crabs, and 270,000 other fish species into the Tumen River.
  • In August 2015, Shandong Oriental Ocean Sci-Tech (SHE:002086) became China’s first company to import and farm Atlantic salmon eggs. According to the Manager of the Yantai Economy and Technology Development Zone (subsidiary of Shandong Oriental), the company operates 16 aquafarming stations (36,800 cubic meters of water) and produces approximately 1,000 MTs of Atlantic salmon annually.  He noted that China imports roughly 30,000 MTs to 50,000 MTs of Atlantic salmon per year.
  • In 2014, China (incl. Hong Kong and Macau) imported nearly 145,000 MTs of frozen Pacific salmon (e.g. Pink and Chum salmon) primarily from the USA, Japan, and Russia. China also imported ~42,800 MTs of fresh/chilled Atlantic salmon primarily from Norway, Faeroe Islands, the United Kingdom, and Chile.  Lastly, China imported more than 22,000 MTs of frozen Atlantic salmon primarily from Chile, Norway, Faeroe Islands, and the United Kingdom.
  • Since the summer of 2014, according to China, 10 shipments of Norwegian salmon originating from three counties (Sor-Trondelag, Troms and Nordland) were found to contain viruses that can cause infectious salmon anaemia (ISA). One such detection occurred in February 2015.
  • In September 2014, China temporarily banned the importation of whole Norwegian salmon reportedly due to salmon anaemia and its viral variants. Norwegian processed salmon (i.e. no heads, gills, and entrails) was still allowed into China.
  • In 2013, Xinjiang Tianyun Organic Agriculture began breeding salmon from eggs imported from Alaska, USA.
  • In January 2011, China agreed to make Scotland its preferred salmon supplier. This occurred shortly after the Oslo-based Nobel organization awarded the 2010 Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo, an imprisoned Chinese dissident.
  • In 2010, with the help of Norway, Shandong Oriental Ocean established a RAS (recirculating aquaculture system) nursery system.

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