The US government on Wednesday [14 December 2016] announced it was taking aim against illegal Chinese restrictions on imports of US grain, as well as price supports China provides for domestic farmers. In what it says is the 15th challenge against China, and the second involving agriculture this year, the US Trade Representative (USTR) said it filed a dispute in the WTO charging that China has violated its commitments by limiting imports of US rice, wheat and corn…Full Article: Taipei Times Dec 2016

Key Point

  • In 2015, according to the US Department of Agriculture, China would have imported an additional US$3.5 billion of grain crops from the USA if China implemented its TRQ system properly.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In October 2016, the U.S. Commerce Department imposed preliminary anti-dumping duties on Chinese imports of ammonium sulfate (fertilizer).
  • In September 2016, the USA appealed to the WTO to investigate the legality of China’s market price support (i.e. subsidies) for domestic producers of rice, wheat, and corn. Shortly thereafter, China’s Ministry of Commerce initiated anti-dumping duties on American DDGS. The anti-dumping duty required Chinese importers of American DDGS to pay a cash deposit of 33.8% of the total import value. Later in the month, China’s Ministry of Commerce (MOC) stated that anti-dumping duties would remain at 46.6% to 73.8% on US white-feathered broiler chickens for an additional five years.
  • In August 2016, China decided to extend its anti-dumping duties on US poultry for an additional five years. China’s Ministry of Commerce re-investigation determined that lifting the anti-dumping duties on US poultry imports would harm the country’s poultry industry.
  • In June 2016, the U.S. Commerce Department began investigating ammonium sulfate imports from China after a request was brought by the Texas-based PCI Nitrogen. The Commerce Department and U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) are expected to make a final ruling on the matter in early 2017. The complaint stemmed from exports from the Yantai-based Shandong Province, fertilizer companies of Wuzhoufeng Agricultural Science & Technology and Yantai Jiahe Agriculture Means of Production.
  • In May 2016, the USA appealed for a second time to the WTO to investigate the legality of China’s anti-dumping duties on American poultry products, adding that China’s Ministry of Commerce “re-investigation” lacked transparency.
  • In June 2015, China Animal Agriculture Association (CAAA) asked the Ministry of Commerce to extend anti-subsidy duties on American broilers. Consequently, China will extend the duties for another year (expiration on 29 August 2016).
  • In July 2014, China’s Ministry of Commerce determined (after a re-investigation) to maintain anti-dumping duties on US poultry products.
  • In September 2011, the USA appealed to the WTO to investigate China’s anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties that were imposed on American chicken products from the year before.
  • In February 2010, China’s Ministry of Commerce introduced anti-dumping duties on US poultry products that ranged from 43.1% to 105.4% depending on the supplier and their level of cooperation during an anti-dumping investigation. In September 2010, China increased the minimum duty from 43.1% to 50.3%.

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