Textile and garment exports to Central Asia and Russia via ports in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region increased by more than 60 percent in the first five months of 2016 from the same period last year…Full Article: The Global Times July 2016

Key Point

  • Approximately 70% of Chinese textile and garment exports via Xinjiang customs points were shipped to Kyrgyzstan (top share) and Kazakhstan (second largest share).

ChinaAg Comments

  • In June 2015, China’s State Council issued measures to promote Xinjiang’s textile and garment industry in order to boost local employment and exports.
  • In 2014, Xinjiang Region accounted for 60% or 3.6 million MTs of China’s total cotton output. During the same year, Chinese cotton reserves reached 11 million MTs, equal to roughly half of global cotton trade volumes.
  • In September 2014, the Chinese government stated it plans to raise the number of those employed in Xinjiang’s cotton industry from 200,000 to 1 million by 2020.
  • In July 2014, Xinjiang announced plans to spend approximately CNY 20 billion yuan ($3.2 billion) on boosting the textile industry in the southwestern Xinjiang city of Aksu (near Kyrgyzstan).
  • From 2012 to 2013, China’s cotton output declined from 6.8 million MTs to 6.2 million MTs. In 2013, Xinjiang accounted 56% or 3.5 million MTs of Chinese cotton production. The next largest producer was Shandong which accounted for 10% (620,961 MTs of output).
  • In December 2013, the Zeleny corridor opened in Bakhty, East Kazakhstan Province and in its cross border checkpoint in Paikitu, Xinjiang Region, China. Additionally, Kazakhstan’s Akmola region [central Kazakhstan] planned to export 10,000 MTs of wheat to China by the end of the year. Kazakhstan expected to increase its wheat exports to China in the following years.
  • In the Autumn of 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, a strategic initiative to boost the economic development and trade of countries lying along the South China Sea, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, and Red Sea, as well as overland in Central Asia and Europe.
  • In mid-2011, developed market economies (e.g. countries) began curtailing their imports of Chinese-made clothing and yarn products.

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