Vietnam and China have signed a protocol on phytosanitary requirements on Vietnamese rice and rice bran exports to China. The protocol sets stricter sterilization inspection of exports. From May 30, 2016, when the protocol takes effect, all the rice export consignments to China must satisfy the phytosanitary requirements and they must be sterilized to be sure that nine harmful biological objects are eliminated…Full Article: June 2016

Key Point

  • As a result of the new phytosanitary protocol, Chinese officials will carry out inspections of rice shipments in Vietnam as opposed to in China.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In December 2015, China imported its first shipment of Laotian rice.
  • From 2011 to 2015, Chinese rice imports increased from 569,000 MTs to 3.35 million MTs. China’s top rice suppliers include Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Cambodia.
  • In 2014, China comprised 40% of Vietnam’s rice exports, and 80% to 90% of the country’s rubber, dragon fruit, and cassava (powder) exports.
  • In order to institute new regulations on farm produce imports, China will close some border points such as Tan Thanh checkpoint in Lang Son Province (across from Guangxi region).
  • From January to April 2013, 64% of Vietnam’s canceled rice contracts were with Chinese partners.
  • In 2012 and 2013, China purchased more than 1.6 million MTs of rice per year from Vietnam and roughly 500,000 MTs per year from Pakistan. The vast majority of these imports (80% by volume) were funneled in via the southern Chinese ports of Shenzhen, Huangpu, and Hong Kong.
  • From 2006 to 2011, Thailand was the primary supplier of rice to the China. Starting in 2010, a shift towards Vietnamese imports began to occur and by 2012, Vietnam overtook Thailand as the top supplier to China.

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