Thanks to China’s expanding freight service network, exports of fresh fruit and vegetables to Russia soared in the first five months, according to figures released by the customs in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Among the region’s two major land checkpoints that process exports bound for Russia, Manzhouli Customs recorded cargo worth 101 million U.S. dollars during the period, up 42.15 percent year on year…Full Article: June 2016

Key Points

  • From January to May 2016, China exported 1,024 MTs of fresh produce to Russia via the Erenhot Customs checkpoint (Inner Mongolia and Mongolia).
  • In March 2015, China began exporting fresh fruit and vegetables to Novosibirsk, Russia, via the Manzhouli Customs checkpoint (Inner Mongolia and Russia). By November 2015, refrigerated trains were being used to export fresh produce all the way to Moscow. In 2015, China exported 1,851 MTs of fresh produce to Russia via the Manzhouli Customs checkpoint.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In May 2016, Russia’s Minister of Agriculture announced that import bans relating to fresh produce (see August 2014) would likely be extended to the end of 2017.
  • In March 2016, China’s Minister of Agriculture encouraged Chinese companies should invest in the agriculture sector of Russia’s Far East.
  • In December 2015, China and Russia signed a phytosanitary agreement relating to Chinese imports of Russian wheat, soybeans, corn, rapeseed, and rice. However, before grain shipments can begin, additional changes/amendments to the phytosanitary agreement must be made.
  • In October 2015, China’s Food Conglomerate, COFCO Group, announced plans to construct two warehouses (100,000 MT capacity each) in Russia’s Far East. COFCO was interested in constructing the warehouses in Russia’s Mikhailovsky priority development territory located in southern Primorsky Krai.
  • In June 2015, China announced it would start the construction of a joint Chinese-Russian livestock agricultural complex in Heilongjiang province. The agricultural complex will developed by China’s Zhongding Dairy Farming and Russia’s Severny Bur, with approximately 100,000 ha of Russian and Chinese land to be used to grow animal feed. Russia’s Primorsky Krai borders China’s Heilongjiang province.
  • In June 2015, a Zhejiang-based company was granted permission to lease 115,000 hectares of uncultivated land in Russia’s Transbaikal region (i.e. Zabaykalsky Krai). The Chinese company plans to use the land to grow vegetables, wheat, and other agricultural commodities, as well as raise livestock.
  • In August 2014, Russian banned agricultural imports, including fresh produce, from various Western countries over sanctions relating to the Ukraine crisis.
  • In 2004, the Sino-Russian agricultural joint venture “Armada” was established. The agricultural JV.

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