Chinese scientists are exploring the feasibility of open-net salmon farming in the Yellow Sea, the first attempt in the world to breed the cold water fish in temperate sea water. China imports millions of tonnes of salmon from Norway and Chile every year as all of China’s marginal seas — from the Bohai Sea in the north to the South China Sea — are too hot for the fish. Scientists with the Ocean University of China identified a cold water mass in the center of the Yellow Sea off east China’s Shandong Province, which they are upbeat will be suitable…Full Article: Xinhua Finance May 2016

Key Points

  • The research team from Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province, have purchased 120,000 salmon eggs from the USA to conduct their experiment. By October 2016, the research team will place the salmon fry and parr (i.e. baby salmon and juvenile salmon) in a 13 sq. km cold water mass within the Yellow Sea. By 2018, the salmon (~4 kgs each) will be fished and sold.
  • Partnering with Qingdao’s Ocean University of China is Wanzefeng Fishery. This company will construct a two-hectare facility for salmon egg fertilization, cold storage facilities, as well as renovate a ship to assist in transporting the salmon.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In April 2016, Jilin Province released more than 800,000 salmon fry (e.g. Chum salmon or dog salmon) and 500 other fish fry species into the Tumen River. Over the past five years, Jilin Province has released 2.3 million salmon fry, 3.4 million juvenile crabs, and 270,000 other fish species into the Tumen River.
  • In August 2015, Shandong Oriental Ocean Sci-Tech (SHE:002086) became China’s first company to import and farm Atlantic salmon eggs. According to the Manager of the Yantai Economy and Technology Development Zone (subsidiary of Shandong Oriental), the company operates 16 aquafarming stations (36,800 cubic meters of water) and produces approximately 1,000 MTs of Atlantic salmon annually.  He noted that China imports roughly 30,000 MTs to 50,000 MTs of Atlantic salmon per year.
  • In 2014, China (incl. Hong Kong and Macau) imported nearly 145,000 MTs of frozen Pacific salmon (e.g. Pink and Chum salmon) primarily from the USA, Japan, and Russia. China also imported ~42,800 MTs of fresh/chilled Atlantic salmon primarily from Norway, Faeroe Islands, the United Kingdom, and Chile.  Lastly, China imported more than 22,000 MTs of frozen Atlantic salmon primarily from Chile, Norway, Faeroe Islands, and the United Kingdom.
  • Since the summer of 2014, according to China, 10 shipments of Norwegian salmon originating from three counties (Sor-Trondelag, Troms and Nordland) were found to contain viruses that can cause infectious salmon anaemia (ISA). One such detection occurred in February 2015.
  • In September 2014, China temporarily banned the importation of whole Norwegian salmon reportedly due to salmon anaemia and its viral variants. Norwegian processed salmon (i.e. no heads, gills, and entrails) was still allowed into China.
  • In January 2011, China agreed to make Scotland its preferred salmon supplier. This occurred shortly after the Oslo-based Nobel organization awarded the 2010 Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo, an imprisoned Chinese dissident.
  • In 2010, with the help of Norway, Shandong Oriental Ocean established a RAS (recirculating aquaculture system) nursery system.

Similar Posts by ChinaAg

Spread the word. Share this post!