China’s migrant workforce reached 277.5 million in 2015, an annual rise of 1.3 percent, but the year-on-year growth rate has been decreasing since 2011, according to the National Bureau of Statistics. A report released by the bureau on Thursday [28 April 2016] said the growth rate dropped 0.6 percent in 2015, and the percentage of workers younger than 40 years dropped 1.3 percent to 55.2 percent. The average age is 38.6, about four months older than in 2014. The report defines “migrant worker” as a person whose household registration is in a rural area but who doesn’t work in the agriculture industry, and those who work outside their hometown for more than six months annually…Full Article: Apr 2016

Key Point

  • From 2011 to 2015, China’s migrant population increased from 252.8 million to 277.5 million. Approximately 66% of China’s migrant population are men.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In April 2016, a report published in China noted that farmers are becoming more unwilling to move to the city/urban centers for work. According to a report that polled Chinese farmers, approximately 51% expressed interest in moving to urban centers, including 11.8% who indicated a “high interest”. The other 49% of respondents expressed no interest in leaving rural areas.
  • China’s urban population was constantly increasing and averaged a 4% annual growth rate from 2000 to 2011. From 1997 to 2000, the number of people living in urban agglomerations with a population above 1 million increased an average of 6% annually. Since 2000, this rate of urbanization to 1 million plus agglomerations slowed slightly to roughly the overall urban growth rate of 4% per year. As of 2010, approximately 37% of China’s urban population lives in urban agglomerations of above 1 million.

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