A yearlong program to increase yields of wheat, corn and soybeans in China’s less-fertile regions will rely on science and technology to invigorate agricultural production and benefit 70 million farmers, according to an official from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The program, dubbed Second Granary, is expected to reap an additional 9 billion kilograms of grain by increasing the output of medium- and low-yielding farmland, said Duan Ziyuan, deputy director of the academy’s Bureau of Science & Technology for Development, at a seminar in Hefei, Anhui province, on Tuesday [15 December 2015]…Full Article ECNS.cn Dec 2015

Key Point

  • Launched in 2014, China’s “Second Granary” program is designed to boost crop yields in China’s Huang-Huai-Hai Plain. One of the program’s research funds will allocate CNY 36 million (US$5.6 million) to boost productivity on 4.7 million ha of farmland in the provinces of Shandong, Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu.

ChinaAg Comments

  • The Huang-Huai-Hai Plain is a large alluvial flood plain named after the Northern Chinese rivers of Huang He (Yellow River) and Huai (flows through Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu), and Hai (flows through Beijing, Tianjin).
  • In December 2014, China’s south-to-north water diversion project began operation (middle route) and was expected to roughly triple Henan’s wheat output from 150-200 kg per mu to 400-500 kg per mu (2.25-3 metric tons per hectare to 6-7.5 MTs per ha). The middle route of the water diversion project begins at the Danjiangkou Reservoir. Stretching across the Chinese Provinces of Henan and Hubei, the Danjiangkou Reservoir has a 1.7 million cubic meter capacity (9.5 billion cubic meters pumped through each year) and is tasked to supply water to Beijing and Tianjin. A total of 345,000 people were displaced to make room for the reservoir, which was the second largest relocation due to a water conservancy project (Three Gorges Dam being the first).

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