Fertilizers and pesticides have done so much damage to China’s ecosystem and brought an array of food safety issues that their use is to be capped from 2020. China feeds its huge population with very limited agricultural resources. Annual grain output has grown for 11 straight years, but achievements have come at great cost. The target is part of the national drive for efficient, eco-friendly farming…Full Article: Xinhua July 2015

Key Point

  • According to China’s Ministry of Agriculture, less than 33% of fertilizers and pesticides are absorbed by crops while more than 50% of livestock and poultry waste is not processed (e.g. biofuel, fertilizers, etc.).

ChinaAg Comments

  • In June 2015, China announced it would construct 80 “eco-friendly” vegetable plots in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in accordance with the quality control standards of Beijing. These standards primarily focus on limiting the use of pesticides.
  • In December 2014, a Chief Researcher at the Botany Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences stated that China utilizes 400 kg of chemical fertilizers per hectare, well above the internationally recognized safe average of 225 kg per ha.
  • In late 2013, China announced it would halt agricultural production on ~3.33 million hectares of land owing to soil pollution (e.g. heavy metals, pesticides, and additives).
  • In 2012, China consumed 58.3 million metric tons of chemical fertilizers, of which 48% (~23.9 million MTs) was nitrogenous fertilizer, 34% (~19.8 million MTs) was compound fertilizer (e.g. NPK, etc.), 14% (~8.2 million MTs) was potash, and 11% (~6.1 million MTs) was phosphate. Henan, Hubei, and Sichuan were the largest consumers.

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