Those who buy flowers for Valentine’s Day may not realize that eight out of 10 roses come from the Kunming Dounan Flower Market in Yunnan province, the largest flower market in China. Yunnan has become a base for cut-flower production and exports, and it leads the country in flower sales and output. The province in Southwest China harvests an estimated 7 billion flowers each year worth 30 billion yuan ($4.8 billion), according to the Yunnan Flower AssociationFull Article: China Daily Feb 2014

Key Points

  • From January to June 2014, Yunnan exported 3,660 MTs of flowers (CNY 110 million or US$17.6 million) or approximately 31% of China’s total flower exports. Yunnan primarily exported roses and orchids, though the province does grow lilies, carnations, chrysanthemums, camellias, and alpine rhododendron.
  • Chinese flower production also occurs in the provinces of Liaoning, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.
  • According to the Kunming International Flower Auction Trading Center, imported flowers are generally sold at prices three to five times higher than those domestically grown.

ChinaAg Comment

  • From 2010 to 2013, Chinese (i.e. mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau) cut flower (HS 0603) imports increased from US$27.8 million to US$31.2 million. Both mainland China and Hong Kong roughly import $14 million to US$16 million worth of cut flowers annually. The dominant supplier to mainland China is Thailand, while Hong Kong primarily imports from the Netherlands and to a smaller extent, Malaysia.

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