Early forecasts from Citrus Annual 2014 says that the orange production in China is going to decrease by 10% to 6.9 million metric tons (MMT) in the marketing year (MY) 2014/15. The cause of this problem is the continuing impact of Huanglongbing (HLB) also known as citrus greening disease in the main growing region of Jiangxi. The tangerine and mandarin is expected to increase to 18.5 MMT in MY 2014/15. It is also expected that china’s citrus imports will continue to grow…Full Article: Fresh Plaza Jan 2015

Key Points

  • Guangdong Province is China’s largest mandarin/tangerine producer, with cultivation also occurring in Jiangxi and others. Oranges are produced (among others) in the provinces of Hunan, Guangxi, and Jiangxi. Grapefruit/pomelo production primarily occurs in Fujian Province, while lemon production takes place in Sichuan Province (80% of China’s lemons are cultivated in Anyue County, Sichuan).
  • During the upcoming 2014/2015 season, it is expected that China will cultivate mandarins on 820,000 ha (a 2% increase from the year before) and oranges on 780,000 ha (a small decline). In total, China is projected to produce 18.5 million MTs of mandarins/tangerines, 6.9 million MTs of oranges, 3.9 million MTs of grapefruit/pomelos, and 430,000 MTs of lemons.

ChinaAg Comments

  • In 2012, China produced 13.7 million MTs of mandarins/tangerines, 6.6 million MTs of oranges, 3.8 million MTs of grapefruit/pomelos, 2.3 million MTs of lemons/limes, and 5.5 million MTs of other citrus fruit.
  • Citrus is a major cash crop in southern China, with production scattered along and south of the Yangtze River valley. Approximately 80% of the citrus fruits in China mature from late October to the end of December. In 2011, Hunan province produced 4.2 million MTs of citrus or approximately 14% of China’s total citrus output. Guangdong and Jiangxi provinces produced 3.7 million MTs (13% of China’s output) and 3.5 million MTs (12% of China’s output), respectively. Other regional citrus producers of note include Guangxi (3.5 million MTs or 12%), Hubei (3.3 million MTs or 11%), Sichuan (3.1 million MTs or 11%), and Fujian (3 million MTs or 10%).
  • Citrus greening disease, aka “Yellow Dragon Disease” (HLB), causes stunted growth among infected trees and its fruit to be misshapen and have thick peels. HLB fruit generally has a bitter taste.
  • In December 2014, Peruvian citrus exports was granted easier access to China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ).
  • In August 2014, China lifts its ban on Californian citrus.
  • In April 2013, Chinese authorities abruptly banned Californian citrus imports over the detection of Phytophthora syringae or brown rot in shipments.
  • In February 2013, Chinese authorities notified the USA that it detected brown rot in six containers out of 250, but did not provide any follow-up announcement until mid-April 2013.

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