The Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, China’s prime cotton-growing area, plans to pump some 20 billion yuan ($3.2 billion) into its textile industry to create jobs and maintain social stability, local officials in its Beijing representative office said on Friday [18 July 2014]. “The push for textile development will create more jobs in the sector,” said Yan Qin, a top official of Urumqi. “It is not only a matter of economic returns and social benefits, but also a political issue.” He said that Xinjiang, which produces about 60 percent of China’s cotton on less than 40 percent of the country’s cotton-growing land, aims to create 1 million jobs in the textile industry within the next decade…Full Article: China Daily July 2014

Key Points

  • The southwestern Xinjiang city of Aksu (near Kyrgyzstan) is a target area for the government’s development plan
  • Over 40 textile enterprises have investments in Xinjiang, with the region’s textile industry having an output of CNY 212.5 billion (~US$34 billion) in 2013

ChinaAg Comment

  • China has three major cotton growing regions, the Xinjiang Autonomous Region (in the northwest), the Yangtse River Basin Region (which includes principally Jiangsu and Hubei), and the Yellow River Basin Region (principally, Hebei, Henan, and Shandong provinces). In 2011, Xinjiang produced 2.9 million MTs of cotton or roughly 44% of China’s total output. Shandong province was second at 785,000 MTs or 12% of total output.

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