The State Oceanic Administration (SOA) on Tuesday [16 January 2018] criticized north China’s Hebei Province for failing to properly approve and supervise land reclamation and implement national policy. An SOA inspection team found a number of issues concerning land reclamation in Hebei during an inspection in August and September, said an SOA press release…Full Article: Xinhua Jan 2018

Key Points

  • Hebei Province was found to have only completed three out of the 21 restoration projects as required through 2012-2016 central government funding. At the same time, Hebei Province only allocated 26.5% of the required local funding. Hebei Province’s coastline suffers red tide algal blooms.
  • In 2017, Hebei Province approved 31 projects in areas where the State Council stipulated were protected reserves. China’s State Council set the reserve of natural coastlines at 35% while the province itself set it at 20%. In particular, seafood production and shipbuilding took place in a nature reserve in Changli County, northeastern Hebei Province.
  • From 2002 to 2017, Hebei Province had reclaimed approximately 30,000 hectares of land from the sea, but only 32% of this land was developed.

ChinaAg Comments

  • Hebei province envelopes both the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin. Beijing and Tianjin are “Tier 1” markets within China, with Tianjin operating a major trading port in Bohai Bay. In 2013, Hebei was China’s largest pear producer and second largest grape producer.
  • In April 2017, the Chinese government established Hebei Province’s Xiongan New Area to spur development around Beijing and its hinterland. Hebei Province was slated to mitigate soil erosion on ~11,000 sq. km of land by 2020 and on ~32,500 sq. km by 2030.
  • From January to September 2017, the CDB has issued CNY 15 billion [~USD 2.25 billion] worth of green bonds in China’s inter-bank bond market for air pollution control and development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.
  • In December 2014, 21 aquaculture (sea cucumber) farmers from the Leting County, Hebei Province sued ConocoPhillips China and the China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC) over a 2011 oil spill. The farmers noted that they suffered CNY 140 million (~USD 22.6 million) in sea cucumber losses.
  • In June 2011, the Penglai 19-3 oilfield, jointly owned by CNOOC (51%) and the Chinese subsidiary of US oil giant ConocoPhillips 49%), began leaking oil. A total of 870 sq. km of seawater (Bohai Bay) was severely polluted, while the total scope of the spill reached 6,200 sq. km.

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